Differential motion across the central Cascadia subduction boundary in Washington results in a complex pattern of folds and faults within the shelf and onshore parts of the accretionary margin. Faults and folds above a coastal, north-northwest–trending thrust system provide evidence of ongoing subduction-related contraction. South of this coastal thrust system many fold axes and thrust faults trend east-northeast, in the direction of convergence. These structures are not consistent with a simple subduction system undergoing northeastward convergence. This deformation, adjacent to the boundary between the subduction complex and the Siletz terrane, may be driven by relative convergence between the northward-translating Siletz terrane and the subduction complex. The regional pattern of modern uplift rates is consistent with ongoing north-south contraction across this boundary and the north-south compressional stress field in the area.