Abstract

Alkalic igneous rocks of early Mesozoic age are found in both the Quesnel and Stikine terranes in the Canadian Cordillera and include both silica-undersaturated and silica-saturated types. The saturated complexes are most abundant in Quesnellia and are multiphase complexes dominated by monzonite to diorite intrusions. Undersaturated complexes are distributed through both terranes, are dominated by syenite with lesser monzonite and pyroxenite, and, when present as a single intrusion, are characterized by concentric zoning, igneous layering, and planar mineral fabrics. Both types of complex are associated with Cu-Au mineralization accompanied by potassic and distinctive sodic and calc-potassic alteration assemblages. Although undersaturated and saturated alkalic intrusions are petrographically distinct, a petrogenetic association is suggested by their spatial coincidence in some districts, and similarities in their tectonic environment and associated alteration. The undersaturated complexes represent a distinctive suite of alkalic intrusion with magmatic arc affinities, and their emplacement into both Stikinia and Quesnellia between 210 and 200 Ma suggests that these terranes were either linked at that time or have shared unusual but similar magma-generating tectonic events at identical times.

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