On the basis of multiequilibrium metamorphic pressure-temperature (P-T) estimates, we have determined that 660–700 °;C is a reasonable minimum estimate of the closure T of Pb diffusion in titanite, a temperature significantly higher than previously suggested. Activity-corrected reactions that produce titanite define narrow T stability fields (≈40 °;C) that correspond closely to metamorphic P-T determinations derived for coronitic garnet-clinopyroxene-hornblende samples. Growth of titanite, occurring between 1789 and 1814 Ma in the underthrust Archean basement of the Paleoproterozoic Ungava orogen (northern Quebec), is associated with retrograde metamorphism during underthrusting of the Archean basement (Approx.)1 b.y. after formation of the original granulitic assemblages.