Abstract

Results of stable isotopic and fluid-inclusion studies of Cambrian carbonate units in the southern Canadian Rockies indicate that, during the Late Devonian or Early Mississippian, a warm brine migrated from miogeoclinal shales in the western part of the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin into the eastern carbonate sequences. This fluid had a temperature of 150 ±25 °C, salinity values of 20 to 25 equivalent wt% NaCl, and isotopic values of δ18O = -7‰ to 0‰,δ13C = -1‰ ±2‰, δD = -70‰ ±19‰, and 87Sr/86Sr >0.710. The fluids formed large bodies of coarse, sparry dolomite, as well as Pb-Zn, magnesite and talc mineralizations in the Cambrian units. It is probable that this event was also responsible for the development of Pb-Zn mineralization (specifically Pine Point) in the Devonian units, as well as a component of the present-day basinal brines in the basin.

This content is PDF only. Please click on the PDF icon to access.

First Page Preview

First page PDF preview
You do not currently have access to this article.