Abstract

Oceanic crust that initially formed at the fast-spreading (130 mm/yr) East Pacific Rise at ∼1 Ma is exposed in the walls of Hess Deep rift at the northern edge of the Galapagos microplate. Steep fault scarps expose a dismembered vertical sequence of pillow basalts, sheeted diabase dikes and gabbroic rocks. Diabase dikes in these units are dominantly vertical; however, extensive outcrops of steeply to moderatley dipping dikes exist in some places. The nonvertical attitude of the dikes may be the result of tectonic rotations attending sea-floor spreading at the East Pacific Rise or the result of complex rotations of fault blocks during the opening of the Hess Deep rift at ∼0.65 Ma.

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