A residual-source model for the origin of A-type granites is assessed by examining the likely mineral content and geochemistry of the residue remaining from generation of an I-type granite. Although this model may explain some characteristics of A-type granites, available data suggest that a residual source is unlikely to generate a partial melt with the appropriate major element characteristics. An alternative model for the origin of some A-type granites involves partial melting of crustal igneous rocks of tonalitic to granodioritic composition. Modeling the partial melting of these source rocks suggests that partial melts with water contents appropriate for A-type granites may be generated by ∼15% to 40% melting. This model can predict many other characteristics of A-type granites.

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