Two major thrust systems with contrasting senses of displacement transect the Wilson terrane crust of northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Along both mylonitic shear zones the central high-grade metamorphic basement is detached and thrust divergently toward the west and east over synorogenic, lower grade fore-arc and back-arc basin sedimentary rocks, respectively. Deformation was preceded by pervasive high-temperature-low-pressure metamorphism. Granites intruded the basement prekinematically and postkinematically. The structures are interpreted as results of early Paleozoic subduction of the paleo-Pacific oceanic crust under the Antarctic craton.