Recurrent uplift of the Ouachita fold belt in Oklahoma coincided with the disruption of the Arkoma basin following the deposition of the Boggy Formation (early Desmoinesian time). The Boggy, composed of sandstone-shale sequences that record southerly progradation of coal-bearing, fluvially dominated deltaic complexes into the Arkoma basin, was folded at the time of uplift of the Ouachita fold belt. The uplift ended the progressive subsidence of the Arkoma basin and shifted the depocenter to the northwest. Subsequently, the Thurman Formation (middle Desmoinesian), which had a source in the southeast, was deposited in the smaller resurgent foreland basin over the folded and eroded surface of the Boggy. Chert-pebble conglomerates in the Thurman were derived from the erosion of newly elevated Ordovician and Devonian cherts in the core of the Ouachita foldbelt. Sandstone-shale packages are found in both formations. The origin of the coal-bearing cycles in the Boggy are enigmatic, but they probably were controlled by a combination of factors such as glacio-eustatic changes in sea level and delta-lobe abandonment. In contrast, cycles in the Thurman probably were strongly influenced by episodic thrust faulting and uplift in the Ouachitas.