Abstract

Drainage networks that develop under conditions of no structural control and homogeneous lithology are generally dendritic, depending upon the shape and inclination of the surface on which they form. An experimental study was designed to investigate the effect of an increase of slope on the evolution and development of dendritic drainage patterns. As slope steepens, the pattern changes from dendritic at 1% slope, to subdendritic at 2%, to subparallel at 3%, to parallel at 5% and higher. The change from a dendritic-type pattern to a parallel-type pattern occurs at a low slope, between 2% and 3%, and primary channel junction angles decrease abruptly from about 60° to 43°.

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