D. D. Hickmott, N. Shimizu, F. S. Spear, J. Selverstone; Trace-element zoning in a metamorphic garnet. Geology ; 15 (6): 573–576. doi: https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1987)15<573:TZIAMG>2.0.CO;2
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Trace-element zoning has been measured in an amphibolite garnet from the Tauern window, Austria, by using an ion microprobe. Humps in the zoning profiles of Na, Sc, V, Y, and the heavy rare-earth elements mark a period of open-system behavior. These humps correspond to a part of the major-element zoning profile that is interpreted as a P-T reversal. The source of the mass excesses of these elements remains ambiguous: they were derived either on a thin-section scale by the breakdown of trace-element-enriched refractory minerals or externally from unusual trace-element-enriched fluids. P-T paths determined from garnet zoning may require modification if open-system behavior is important during garnet growth.