Abstract

A marine seismic reflection line across the northeast extremity of the Canadian Appalachians in Newfoundland indicates a collisional suture(?) in the lower crust beneath the central ophiolitic Dunnage terrane. The thrust and fold belt (miogeocline) above the Grenville basement, and the Dunnage and Gander tectonostratigraphic terranes all appear to be allochthonous with respect to lower crustal basement. The Gander-Avalon terrane boundary to the east is a near-vertical feature that penetrates the crust. The data also suggest that the ancient passive margin of North America extends eastward under the Dunnage terrane for about 70 km. The Newfoundland deep seismic experiment indicates major tectonic differences compared to results for the southern Appalachians.

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