Norman D. Smith, Derald G. Smith; William River: An outstanding example of channel widening and braiding caused by bed-load addition. Geology ; 12 (2): 78–82. doi: https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1984)12<78:WRAOEO>2.0.CO;2
Download citation file:
The lower William River in northwestern Saskatchewan, Canada, presents an excellent and unambiguous example of rapid channel adjustment to abrupt additions of sandy bed load. A relatively narrow and deep single-channel stream as it flows northward to Lake Athabasca, the river picks up a 40-fold increase of bed load over a 27-km reach as it encounters a large dune field just south of the lake. As a result of the large infusion of eolian sand, the channel develops a thoroughly braided pattern while undergoing a 5-fold increase in width and a 10-fold increase in width/depth ratio.