Bruce R. Wardlaw, Merlynd K. Nestell, J. Thomas Dutro; Biostratigraphy and structural setting of the Permian Coyote Butte Formation of central Oregon. Geology ; 10 (1): 13–16. doi: https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1982)10<13:BASSOT>2.0.CO;2
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Larger isolated outcrops of the limestones of the Coyote Butte Formation consistently contain younger over older faunas that range through most of the Leonardian Series of the Early Permian. The outcrops of the Coyote Butte Formation are interpreted as right-side up blocks probably introduced into the area as one massive exotic unit. The Coyote Butte Formation is very similar to the Lower Permian limestone near Quinn River Crossing, Nevada, and both are suggested to have a similar origin. The Coyote Butte Formation was probably introduced during a late-stage event to deforming Mesozoic oceanic sediments in Mesozoic time.