Understanding the Monterey Formation and Similar Biosiliceous Units across Space and Time
CONTAINS OPEN ACCESS
The Monterey Formation is a Miocene marine unit that occurs extensively in the Coast Ranges and in the continental margins of California, and analogous biosiliceous deposits are found around the Pacific Rim and elsewhere in the world. Classic studies on the diatomaceous deposits that characterize the hemipelagic/pelagic facies of the Monterey Formation have been key to understanding the oceanographic and tectonic conditions that lead to the preservation of large volumes of organic-rich hemipelagic biosiliceous sediments, and the properties of these sedimentary deposits once they convert into rocks. This volume presents a collection of recent studies on the Monterey and other similar biosiliceous deposits that offer modern and updated interpretations of this classic unit and its analogues. The volume is dedicated to the memory of Professor Bob Garrison.
Middle and late Miocene marine mammal assemblages from the Monterey Formation of Orange County, California
Published:September 26, 2022
James F. Parham, John A. Barron, Jorge Velez-Juarbe, 2022. "Middle and late Miocene marine mammal assemblages from the Monterey Formation of Orange County, California", Understanding the Monterey Formation and Similar Biosiliceous Units across Space and Time, Ivano W. Aiello, John A. Barron, A. Christina Ravelo
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This study provides new stratigraphic data and identifications for fossil marine mammals from the Monterey Formation in the Capistrano syncline, Orange County, California, showing that there are two distinct marine mammal assemblages. Until now, marine mammals from the Monterey Formation of Orange County have been considered to represent a single assemblage that is 13.0–10.0 Ma in age. By combining data from diatoms with the geographic positions of sites, faunal analysis, and data from the literature, we can assign 59 sites to three main levels: the lower part (ca. 16–13 Ma), the middle part (ca. 13–10 Ma), and the upper part (ca. 10–8 Ma). We assigned 308 marine mammal specimens to 38 taxa, resulting in 97 occurrences (unique record of a taxon for a given site). Of the 38 taxa we identified within the study area, 15 taxa are restricted to the lower part of the Monterey Formation, 15 are restricted to the upper part of the Monterey Formation, eight were found in both, and none has yet been reported from the middle (possibly condensed) section. Six of the eight taxa that occur in both the lower and upper parts of the Monterey Formation are higher-level taxa, which accounts for their broad temporal range. The recognition of two distinct marine mammal assemblages in the Monterey Formation of Orange County is an important step toward a better-calibrated sequence of faunal evolution in the region while improving the utility of marine mammals for regional biostratigraphy.
- faunal studies
- marine environment
- middle Miocene
- Monterey Formation
- Orange County California
- United States
- upper Miocene