From the Guajira Desert to the Apennines, and from Mediterranean Microplates to the Mexican Killer Asteroid: Honoring the Career of Walter Alvarez
CONTAINS OPEN ACCESS
This volume pays tribute to the great career and extensive and varied scientific accomplishments of Walter Alvarez, on the occasion of his 80th birthday in 2020, with a series of papers related to the many topics he covered in the past 60 years: Tectonics of microplates, structural geology, paleomagnetics, Apennine sedimentary sequences, geoarchaeology and Roman volcanics, Big History, and most famously the discovery of evidence for a large asteroidal impact event at the Cretaceous–Tertiary (now Cretaceous–Paleogene) boundary site in Gubbio, Italy, 40 years ago, which started a debate about the connection between meteorite impact and mass extinction. The manuscripts in this special volume were written by many of Walter’s close collaborators and friends, who have worked with him over the years and participated in many projects he carried out. The papers highlight specific aspects of the research and/or provide a summary of the current advances in the field.
Thin vs. thick-skinned tectonics in the Umbria-Marche fold-and-thrust belt: Contrast or coexistence?
Published:June 21, 2022
Massimiliano Rinaldo Barchi, Enrico Tavarnelli*, 2022. "Thin vs. thick-skinned tectonics in the Umbria-Marche fold-and-thrust belt: Contrast or coexistence?", From the Guajira Desert to the Apennines, and from Mediterranean Microplates to the Mexican Killer Asteroid: Honoring the Career of Walter Alvarez, Christian Koeberl, Philippe Claeys, Alessandro Montanari
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The structural style at depth of the Umbria-Marche fold-and-thrust belt, which occupies the outer province of the Northern Apennines of peninsular Italy, has long been debated and interpreted in terms of thin-skinned or thick-skinned deformation models, respectively. Thin-skinned models predict that the Mesozoic–Tertiary sedimentary cover was detached along Upper Triassic evaporites and translated northeastward along stepped thrust faults above a relatively undeformed basement. On the other hand, thick-skinned models predict the direct involvement of conspicuous basement slices within thrust-related folds. A description of selected examples in the southeastern part of the Umbria-Marche belt reveals that some compressional structures are indeed thin-skinned, their style being controlled by rheological properties of a mechanically heterogeneous stratigraphy containing multiple décollements, whereas other structures are genuinely thick-skinned, their style being dominated by the reverse-reactivation of pre-orogenic normal faults deeply rooted within the basement. Therefore, the contrast of thin- versus thick-skinned structural styles, an issue that has generated a long-lasting debate, is only apparent, since both styles are documented to coexist and to have concurred in controlling the final compressional geometry of the fold-and-thrust belt.