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Strata preserved within the Sevier foreland basin of North America contain a suite of lithologic variations influenced by hinterland tectonic processes. Using U-Pb detrital zircon geochronology, we compared provenance signals of Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous strata from a west-to-east, foredeep-to-forebulge-to-backbulge depozone transect across the state of Wyoming and evaluated major tectonic mechanisms operating during the early evolution of the Sevier orogeny. Our data included new and compiled U-Pb detrital zircon ages (n = 6013) from 50 localities that were integrated into a revised chronostratigraphic framework and subsidence history for the basin. At the onset of the Sevier orogeny, we found evidence for uplift and erosion of early Mesozoic and late Paleozoic strata within the nascent Sevier fold-and-thrust belt. This event occurred prior to the Aptian Stage of the Early Cretaceous and is recorded by the coordinated progradation of coarse-grained fluvial systems across the overfilled foreland basin. Continued emplacement of thrust loads in the hinterland generated accommodation in excess of sediment supply, a condition likely exacerbated by a relative reduction of siliciclastic sediment supply due to greater unroofing of Paleozoic carbonates during the Aptian and Albian Stages of the Early Cretaceous. This led to an underfilled condition characterized by widespread calcareous lacustrine deposition across much of the foredeep depozone and condensed stratigraphic intervals in the forebulge and backbulge depozones. During the late Albian–earliest Cenomanian, fluvial systems sourced in the Appalachians invaded the foreland basin from the east, followed by the rapid incursion of the Western Interior Seaway, driven by accelerated thrust emplacement, flexural subsidence, and potentially the onset of dynamic subsidence.

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