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The western Alboran peridotites crop out across the Strait of Gibraltar (western end of the Mediterranean) and are the largest worldwide exposure of subcontinental lithospheric mantle. The present study focuses on the Cenozoic part of the long and complex metamorphic-deformation history of the western Alboran peridotites. During the Cenozoic, continental lithosphere thinning in a back-arc setting occurred and allowed the extensional exhumation of subcontinental mantle from 70–90 km depth to shallow crustal levels. Continental rift inversion at 20 Ma then triggered the final crustal emplacement of the western Alboran peridotites: the Sierra Bermeja, Alpujata, and Carratraca peridotites, which constitute...

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