Published:January 01, 2014
Figures & Tables
Geologic Field Trips along the Boundary between the Central Lowlands and Great Plains
Geological and human forces have created some spectacular treasures at the boundary between the Central Lowlands and the Great Plains, and three of them are explored in this guide. In northern Nebraska, the Ashfall Fossil Beds site, a world-class Lagerstätte of articulated mammal, reptile, and bird skeletons, reveals the mass death of a Miocene biotic community. Chapter 1 provides a detailed overview of the geology, paleontology, and reconstructed paleocommunity at Ashfall. The bluffs of the Missouri River in eastern Iowa contain some classic type sections of Pleistocene stratigraphic units. Chapter 2 explores the historical development of Pleistocene stratigraphy in this area and presents new data to refine understanding of the area’s complex geological history. Finally, Chapter 3 presents a unique tour of the Nebraska State Capitol in Lincoln, which is clad with Indiana limestone and adorned with igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks from European and U.S. quarries. The field guide describes the historical, architectural, and geological aspects of these stones.