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Over the past four decades, ongoing deformation of an 18-m-thick peat deposit within the flat-lying Mercer Slough has resulted in damaging deflections, and near-collapse in three cases, of pile-supported Interstate 90 bridges and a major water line on the east side of the slough. The peat is partially underlain by a dense sand unit, which includes a highly pressurized aquifer that produces artesian flow 1–2.5 m above the ground surface. Inclinometers on the east side of the slough show the peat flowing toward the structures and then apparently directed west along the interstate centerline. Large displacements recorded in several...

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