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Western Pennsylvania is rich in oil history, and many of the fledgling petroleum industry’s “firsts” happened right here between the late nineteenth and early tentieth centuries. First and foremost, it is home to the Drake well, the first-ever economic well intentionally drilled to produce oil. In addition, western Pennsylvania has bragging rights to various industry advancements, from the way geologic samples were collected and interpreted, to how wells were drilled and stimulated for production, to early oil refining techniques, marketing, and production. In this field guide, we discuss the petroleum geology and history of estern Pennsylvania in general and three important oil-producing sites in particular: (1) the McClintock #1 well, Rouseville; (2) the Drake well, Titusville; and (3) Muddy Creek oil field, Prospect. Each of these sites produced oil from Upper Devonian reservoirs and spurred additional petroleum exploration and development in the central Appalachian basin.

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