Application of Geology to Engineering Practice
Some years ago a group of geologists led by Professor C. R. Longwell of Yale University and Professor A. I . Levorsen of Stanford University proposed to honor Dr. Charles Peter Berkey, Newberry Professor Emeritus of Columbia University, for his life-long contributions in the field of engineering geology, by assembling and publishing a number of original papers each of which would deal with a special facet of the subject.
The Geological Society of America, through its President Dr. N. L. Bowen, appointed a committee to carry out this proposal and agreed to publish the symposium. Dr. W. O. Hotchkiss was duly appointed Chairman of a working group, among whom were Sidney Paige, W. S. Mead, J. P. Buwalda, and B. C. Moneymaker.
The authors, each selected for his particular knowledge in the field, have given generously of their time. I t was agreed that broad principles, rather than engineering or geologic detail, should be emphasized, but aside from this broad consideration each author was to prepare his material independently. To them all our thanks are due.
It is doubtful whether these papers need further introduction. Each is addressd to a technically trained audience and is planned to emphasize principles, rather than the minutiae of engineering and geologic practice. The title of the boor–The Application of Geology to Engineering Practice–is self-explanatory and is well understood by engineers and geologists.
During World War II geology won its spurs as an important scientific tool in both planning and operations by the United States Army. This growth of geology was due to increased appreciation on the part of our military leaders of the importance of scientific techniques and information, and to the increased appreciation on the part of our scientists of the usefulness of their abilities in the solution of a large variety of very practical problems. It can be fairly said that at the beginning of the war neither the military leaders nor the geologists fully appreciated the manifold applications of geology to military problems. Basically this was because the geologist, prior to the war, had signally failed to give sufficient thought to the many ways in which geology can and should contribute to solving everyday social and economic problems. I n engineering geology, for example, there were too few Berkeys.