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Observations made during geologic mapping prior to the moment magnitude, Mw 5.8 2011 Virginia (USA) earthquake are important for understanding the event. Because many Paleozoic ductile faults in the Piedmont of Virginia show signs of brittle overprint, relict faults in the epicentral area represent potential seismogenic surfaces in the modern stress regime. Three major faults that reportedly dissect the early-middle Paleozoic bedrock in the epicentral area are reviewed here: the Shores fault of uncertain age, which has been depicted as internal to the Early Ordovician or Cambrian metaclastic Potomac terrane; the Late Ordovician Chopawamsic fault, which represents the Potomac-Chopawamsic...

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