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The few geological and geophysical studies of the Lyra Basin at the western margin of the Ontong Java Plateau (OJP; Pacific Ocean) revealed that it is underlain by thicker than normal oceanic crust. The unusually thick oceanic crust is attributed to the emplacement of massive lava flows from the OJP. Dredging was conducted to sample the inferred OJP crust on the Lyra Basin but instead recovered younger extrusives that may have covered the older plateau lavas in the area. The Lyra Basin extrusives are alkalic basalts with (87Sr/86Sr)t = 0.704513–0.705105, (143Nd/144Nd)...

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