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New major-element, trace-element, and isotopic (Nd, Sr) analyses of undersaturated alkaline lavas from the Kilimanjaro volcano (north Tanzania) are presented. These data concern 54 samples, ranging from basanites to phonolites, collected during a 1 mo field trip in March 2005. The three main cones of Kilimanjaro were sampled, Shira, Mawenzi, and Kibo, together with numerous parasitic cones located on a SE lineament on the main edifice. On the basis of both spatial distribution and major- and trace-element characteristics of analyzed samples, the previous classification of Kilimanjaro lavas is simplified into five groups: Shira, Mawenzi, Kibo 1, Kibo 2, and parasitic...

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