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The Messinian mélange of the Tertiary Piedmont Basin is the product of different but interrelated processes (tectonic, gravitational, and diapiric) that operated sequentially over a short time span (intra-Messinian time) and in a geodynamic environment (episutural basin) for which mélanges have so far been poorly described. It is composed of different mappable bodies of (non-metamorphic) mixed rocks characterized by a strong facies convergence. Their geometric and stratigraphic position, the internal organization, and the nature of the bounding surfaces allow the defining of some criteria to distinguish different units of mixed rocks (tectonically disrupted unit, gravity-driven sedimentary unit, and diapiric disrupted...

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