Historical earthquakes in Srinagar, Kashmir: Clues from the Shiva Temple at Pandrethan
Published:October 01, 2010
Roger Bilham, Bikram Singh Bali, M. Ismail Bhat, Susan Hough, 2010. "Historical earthquakes in Srinagar, Kashmir: Clues from the Shiva Temple at Pandrethan", Ancient Earthquakes, Manuel Sintubin, Iain S. Stewart, Tina M. Niemi, Erhan Altunel
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Srinagar, the capital city of Kashmir, has been shaken numerous times by earthquakes in the past millennium, most recently by damaging earthquakes in 1885 (M 6.2, 30 km to the west) and 2005 (M 7.6, 200 km to the west) with estimated EMS (European Macroseismic Scale) intensity VI–VII. Earthquakes in Kashmir in earlier historical times are known only from fragmentary archival sources. We present and analyze unique, repeat photographs of the Pandrethan Temple near Srinagar, which we conclude can provide clues to the severity of nineteenth-century earthquakes. Photos taken in 1868 and 1885 and recently show that the temple, a...