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Bering Glacier, the largest glacier in continental North America, is a surging glacier. A surging or surge-type glacier is one that periodically discharges an ice reservoir by means of one or more sudden, brief, large-scale ice displacement(s). These displacements typically transfer ice from up-glacier accumulation areas to down-glacier ablation areas. Most surges occur with a periodicity of about a decade to more than a century. Typically during periods of ice displacement, flow rates increase dramatically, often as much as 10–100 or more times faster than normal. Most surges do not result in terminus displacements. However, surges of the Bering Glacier...

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