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Eastern Anatolia is one of the best examples of an active continental collision zone in the world. It comprises one of the high plateaus of the Alpine-Himalaya mountain belt, with an average elevation of ∼2 km above sea level. Almost two-thirds of this plateau is covered by young volcanic units related to collision. They range in age from 11 Ma to Recent and have a thickness of up to 1 km in places. The collision-related volcanic province is not confined to Eastern Anatolia, but extends across much of the Caucasus in the east, including Eastern Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and...

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