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Neogene doming in the north-central Klamath Mountains, California, tilted the Rattlesnake Creek terrane, chiefly an ophiolitic mélange, exposing an oblique cross section through disrupted and metamorphosed oceanic crust and mantle. The deepest section of the tilted terrane, in the Kangaroo Mountain area near Seiad Valley, contains tectonic slices of ultramafic, mafic, and sedimentary rocks that were penetratively deformed and metamorphosed under upper-amphibolite- to granulite-facies conditions. This section, called the Seiad complex, is the ophiolitic basement of an accreted Mesozoic island arc, and its polygenetic history reflects the magmatic and tectonic processes that occur during island-arc construction and evolution.

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