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Extensive glacigenic suites of sediments were deposited throughout Arabia during the late Paleozoic glaciation of Gondwana. In the Sultanate of Oman, the glacigenic Moscovian to Sakmarian Al Khlata Formation directly overlies the widespread “Hercynian” unconformity and is succeeded by the postglacial Gharif Formation, indicating that intermittent glacial conditions in the Arabian Peninsula lasted at least 15 m.y., and possibly up to 30 m.y. Sedimentological and stratigraphic relationships are complex, and rapidly evolving lithofacies associations are often difficult to correlate. Palynological dating has proven extremely beneficial in facilitating correlation in the subsurface and has permitted the development of a regional stratigraphic...

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