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Western Gondwana underwent a steady drift from mid-latitudes (~50°S, Early Carboniferous) to lower latitudes (<40°S) by Late Carboniferous time, and glacial deposition had ended in Bolivia by the early Pennsylvanian (Morrowan). At this time, carbonates and evaporites were being deposited across the Perú-Bolivia Basin. The Pennsylvanian and Permian Titicaca Group represents an Andean transgressive marine to restricted carbonate and regressive red bed megasequence (Cuevo Super-sequence or Subandean Cycle). The transgressive part of this Pangean first-order sequence records inherited basement controls and ephemeral pericratonic seaways into the interior of a western landmass. The well-dated Copacabana Formation records many high-frequency sequences and...

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