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The southern Brazilian Shield comprises a number of tectonostratigraphic blocks representing two terranes. The São Gabriel block consists of relics of two Brasiliano juvenile magmatic arcs; the Porongos belt located on the Encantadas block formed in a passive margin setting. Plate tectonic evolution started with opening of an oceanic basin to the east of the Rio de la Plata craton since at least 0.9–1.0 Ga. An intra-oceanic island arc formed due to eastward subduction and was subsequently accreted to the eastern margin of the Rio de la Plata craton. Westward subduction beneath the newly formed active continental margin occurred between...

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