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The Mesoproterozoic Belt-Purcell Basin of the United States–Canadian Rocky Mountains formed in a complex intracontinental-rift system. The basin contained three main fault blocks: a northern half-graben, a central horst, and a southern graben. Each had distinct internal stratigraphy and mineralization that influenced Phanerozoic sedimentation; the northern half-graben and horst formed a platform with a condensed section, whereas the southern graben formed the subsiding Central Montana trough. They formed major crustal blocks that rotated clockwise during Cordilleran thrust displacement, with transpressional shear zones deforming their edges. The northern half-graben was deepest and filled with a structurally strong prism of quartz-rich sedimentary...

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