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The Macigno is a widely outcropping terrigenous turbidite succession, up to 3000 m thick, in the northern Apennines. It was deposited in an Upper Oligocene–Lower Miocene perisutural basin that flanked the Apennine chain during uplift. In the Abetone study area, the Macigno lithofacies are characterized downward by prevailing thick-bedded, frequently amalgamated coarse sandstones (lower Macigno) and upward by recurrent fine and thin-bedded turbidites and siltstones (upper Macigno). The paleocurrent indicators are generally oriented toward the southeast and east. In the upper Macigno, a 250-m-thick intercalation known as the “Monte Modino Olistostrome” is present, represented by Cretaceous to Oligocene, locally chaotic,...

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