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The Atakor massif is a part of the Hoggar volcanic province, which was emplaced on top of a basement swell initiated during the Cretaceous. There have been three main episodes of volcanic activity since the Miocene, separated by long periods of quiescence. The lava flows and domes were emitted along lithosphere-scale fault zones. With its famous scenery, the Atakor massif is one of the largest (2150 km2) volcanic districts of the province. Mafic volcanic rocks are abundant in the center of the massif, but become scarce to the south, where only few scarps are observed. Phonolites occur only...

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