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Gold and uranium mineralization within the Archean Witwatersrand Basin exhibits a close association with carbonaceous matter. In order to understand the gold and uranium mineralization associations, it is necessary to understand something about the carbonaceous matter itself as well as the fluids involved in remobilizing both hydrocarbons and mineralization within the basin.

Diagenetic maturation of primitive bacterial material released hydrocarbons that were able to migrate through the sediments of the economically important Witwatersrand Basin. Migrating hydrocarbons underwent polymerization and condensation due to the effect of ionizing radiation in the proximity of detrital uraninite during catagenesis. Isotopically heavy hydrocarbons precipitated out...

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