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Standing lycopsid trees occur at 60 or more horizons within the 1425-m-thick coal-bearing interval of the classic Carboniferous section at Joggins, with one of the most consistently productive intervals occurring between Coals 29 (Fundy seam) and 32 of Logan (1845). Erect lepidodendrid trees, invariably rooted within an organic-rich substrate, are best preserved when entombed by heterolithic sandstone/mudstone units on the order of 3–4 m thick, inferred to represent the recurring overtopping of distributary channels of similar thickness. The setting of these forests and associated sediments is interpreted as a disturbance-prone interdistributary wetland system. The heterogeneity and disturbance inherent to...

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