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Knowledge of the geologic evolution of the northern margin of South America has increased tremendously, inspired by the occurrence of huge hydrocarbon deposits. This margin originated in late Triassic time when the supercontinent of Pangea broke up and North and South America drifted apart. The passive margin accommodated a thick sequence of Jurassic to Tertiary sediments. During the latest Cretaceous to the Present, the Antilles volcanic arc, built upon the Caribbean plate, migrated southeastward and collided obliquely with South America. This collision resulted in the diachronous accretion of allochthonous terranes as well as diachronous formation of a fold and thrust...

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