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Thrust sheets of the Uppermost Allochthon in the Caledonides of Scandinavia are distinguished by lithological assemblages and magmatic units that are, in many ways, quite different from those in subjacent nappe complexes. Supracrustal successions are derived mainly from platformal, shelf-edge and basinal-slope environments and are characterized in particular by extensive developments of carbonate rock units that range in age from Late Riphean to Early Silurian. Metasedimentary iron ore formations are also present. Another prominent feature is the Ordovician, arc-type, granitoid plutons and batholiths that dominate the geology in certain parts of the allochthon. In addition to these lithological elements, the...

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