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Metavolcanic rocks of the Winterville Formation from the prehnite-analcime subfacies of the prehnite-pumpellyite facies in north-central Aroostook County, Maine, contain an alteration assemblage including chlorite, chlorite/smectite (C/S), analcime, prehnite, and calcite. Field and laboratory study has identified areas where hydrothermal alteration has been pervasive in and around pillows. Compositional, crystal chemical, and structural variations in chlorite appear to be related to distance from this hydrothermal alteration.

Samples were studied by whole-rock chemical analysis, electron microprobe analysis of individual mineral grains, X-ray powder diffraction of the clay fraction, and by computer modeling of diffraction patterns to determine the percentage of chlorite...

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