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Strain in sedimentary rocks is linked to deformation of underlying basement rocks during the formation of basement-involved folds. Strains are represented by an array of structures such as lift-off folds, thrust faults, heterogeneous thickness changes, extensional faults, and boudinage. Detachment surfaces define the boundaries of structural lithic units within sedimentary rocks that are characterized by different deformation styles.

A kinematic model is presented to investigate how strain distribution in folds is controlled by basement deformation. The model examines folds that form above a basement block that is displaced on a single reverse fault. Rocks in the fold undergo layer-parallel shortening...

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