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The Hidaka Metamorphic Belt (HMB) in Hokkaido, northern Japan, consists of tilted metamorphic layers of an island-arc type crust from lower (granulite facies) to upper (very low-grade metasedimentary) horizons. Abundant granitic rocks, mainly S-type tonalites of crustal origin, intrude various metamorphic layers and are classified into four depth types, namely upper, middle, lower and basal. The basal orthopyroxene-garnet (S-type) tonalities were intruded into granulite facies country rocks. Textural and compositional evidence from minerals in the basal tonalite indicates that the crystallisation sequence is Grt–Pl–Opx–Bt–Qtz–Crd–Kfs, and that crystallisation took place at about 600 MPa and 900°C–700°C.

Some crystallisation experiments were carried...

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