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The 3,000-m-thick Upper Triassic Barranca Group in the Sierra de San Javier in east-central Sonora, Mexico, is composed, in ascending order, of the Arrayanes, Santa Clara, and Coyotes Formations. The Arrayanes and Santa Clara Formations are composed of fluvial and marine-delta deposits of quartzose and arkosic sandstone, conglomerate, shale, and siltstone; the Santa Clara Formation includes minor amounts of coal and tuff. A sharp contact (perhaps an unconformity) separates the Santa Clara Formation from the overlying Coyotes Formation. The Coyotes consists of alluvial-fan deposits of pebble-to-boulder conglomerate. Paleocurrents were southward during deposition of the Arrayanes and Santa Clara Formations and...

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