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Peraluminous rhyolites that are chemically somewhat similar to topaz rhyolites and anorogenic granites occur in an orogenic setting near Sierra Blanca in the Tertiary Trans-Pecos magmatic province. The Sierra Blanca rhyolites are even more enriched in most incompatible trace elements than are topaz rhyolites. Some of the extreme enrichments may in part be the result of chemical modification by crystallization from an F-rich vapor phase.

The rhyolites were intruded as laccoliths at 36 Ma, during the main phase of Trans-Pecos igneous activity, which is characterized by ash-flow eruptions from numerous calderas and widespread mafic, intermediate, and silicic intrusions. A dominant...

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