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The first Eocene vertebrate assemblage known from the Great Basin, the Elderberry Canyon Local Fauna, occurs in rocks referred to the Sheep Pass Formation near Ely, Nevada. Approximately 40 taxa are now known, including small anuran amphibians, small reptiles, birds, and mammals. The mammalian component consists of: the insectivorans Apatemys bellus, Pantolestes longicaudus, a tiny apternodont, at least one nyctitheriid, and at least four other taxa representing dormaalid and/or erinaceid erinaceomorphs; an epoicotheriid palaeanodont, cf. Tetrapassalus mckennai; the primates Notharctus tenebrosus, Trogolemur myodes, and two species of uintasoricines; the rodents Reithroparamys delicatissimus, R. cf. R. huerfanensis, Sciuravus sp., Microparamys sp.,...

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