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Neogene sedimentation on and adjacent to the Columbia Plateau in Oregon, Washington, and Idaho was related to volcanism and tectonism. During emplacement of the largest volume of middle Miocene flood basalts (Grande Ronde, Picture Gorge, and Wanapum Basalts), local drainage disruption and gradient diminishment caused deposition in lakes and by sluggish mixed-load streams at or near the flow margins (e.g., Latah, lower Ellensburg, and Simtustus Formations). The Pasco basin was the principal subsiding feature at this time, but because of its central position on the basalt plateau, it received only minor accumulations of detrital and organic-rich sediments. The Mascall and...

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