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The basal Great Valley sequence in Napa and southern Lake Counties, California, is a mappable chaotic unit composed largely of ophiolitic debris. Serpentinite flows and breccias, mafic breccias and associated finer-grained clastic rocks, and blocks of extrusive greenstone, mafic breccia, chert, bedded and unbedded clastic sedimentary rocks, phyllites, actinolitic greenschists, and hornblende amphibolites are mixed with Great Valley sequence mudstone and serpentinous mudstone. The chaotic unit extends along strike for at least 50 km. Cross-sections indicate that it extends for at least 20 km across strike and is up to 1 km thick. It is involved in complex folds caused...

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