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The ash-fall and outflow sheets of the 0.7-m.y.-old Bishop Tuff represent >170 km3 of compositionally zoned rhyolitic magma emplaced during collapse of the Long Valley caldera, California. Field, mineralogic, and chemical evidence agree that tapping of the thermally and chemically zoned chamber was continuous, without interruptions sufficient to permit mixing or phase re-equilibration. Fe-Ti oxide temperatures for 68 glassy samples increase systematically with eruptive progress from 720 to 790 °C; this increase corresponds well with the stratigraphic sequence, but the temperatures in no way correspond to the degree of welding. Ubiquitous quartz, sanidine, oligoclase, biotite, ilmenite, titanomagnetite, zircon, and...

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