Southern and Central Mexico: Basement Framework, Tectonic Evolution, and Provenance of Mesozoic–Cenozoic Basins
This volume furthers our understanding of key basins in central and southern Mexico, and establishes links to exhumed sediment source areas in a plausible paleogeographic framework. Authors present new data and models on the relations between Mexican terranes and the assembly and breakup of western equatorial Pangea, plate-tectonic and terrane reconstructions, uplift and exhumation of source areas, the influence of magmatism on sedimentary systems, and the provenance and delivery of sediment to Mesozoic and Cenozoic basins. Additionally, authors establish relationships between basement regions (sediment source) in the areas that supplied sediment to Mesozoic rift basins, Late Cretaceous foreland systems, and Cenozoic basins developed in response to Cordilleran events.
Stratigraphic correlation chart of Carboniferous–Paleogene rocks of Mexico, adjacent southwestern United States, Central America, and Colombia
*Present address: Bureau of Economic Geology, Jackson School of Geosciences, The University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78758; email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
†Present address: Instituto de Geología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Estación Regional del Noroeste, 83000 Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico.
Published:December 09, 2021
Timothy F. Lawton*, Maria Isabel Sierra-Rojas†, Uwe Martens, 2021. "Stratigraphic correlation chart of Carboniferous–Paleogene rocks of Mexico, adjacent southwestern United States, Central America, and Colombia", Southern and Central Mexico: Basement Framework, Tectonic Evolution, and Provenance of Mesozoic–Cenozoic Basins, Uwe C. Martens, Roberto S. Molina Garza
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A comprehensive correlation chart of Pennsylvanian–Eocene stratigraphic units in Mexico, adjoining parts of Arizona, New Mexico, south Texas, and Utah, as well as Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and Colombia, summarizes existing published data regarding ages of sedimentary strata and some igneous rocks. These data incorporate new age interpretations derived from U-Pb detrital zircon maximum depositional ages and igneous dates that were not available as recently as 2000, and the chart complements previous compilations. Although the tectonic and sedimentary history of Mexico and Central America remains debated, we summarize the tectonosedimentary history in 10 genetic phases, developed primarily on the basis of stratigraphic evidence presented here from Mexico and summarized from published literature. These phases include: (1) Gondwanan continental-margin arc and closure of Rheic Ocean, ca. 344–280 Ma; (2) Permian–Triassic arc magmatism, ca. 273–245 Ma; (3) prerift thermal doming of Pangea and development of Pacific margin submarine fans, ca. 245–202 Ma; (4) Gulf of Mexico rifting and extensional Pacific margin continental arc, ca. 200–167 Ma; (5) salt deposition in the Gulf of Mexico basin, ca. 169–166? Ma; (6) widespread onshore extension and rifting, ca. 160–145 Ma; (7) arc and back-arc extension, and carbonate platform and basin development (ca. 145–116 Ma); (8) carbonate platform and basin development and oceanic-arc collision in Mexico, ca. 116–100 Ma; (9) early development of the Mexican orogen in Mexico and Sevier orogen in the western United States, ca. 100–78 Ma; and (10) late development of the Mexican orogen in Mexico and Laramide orogeny in the southwestern United States, ca. 77–48 Ma.
- absolute age
- Atlantic Ocean
- Central America
- continental margin
- Gulf of Mexico
- igneous rocks
- Laramide Orogeny
- New Mexico
- North Atlantic
- plate collision
- plate tectonics
- Rheic Ocean
- South America
- Southwestern U.S.
- stratigraphic units
- United States
- zircon group
- detrital zircon
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