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The massive Jurassic limestone making up the core of the Frasassi-Valmontagnana blind thrust anticline hosts a large sulfidic cave complex, which, due to Pleistocene tectonic uplift, has been incised by the Sentino River, forming the deep Frasassi Gorge. The Frasassi cave complex is organized into seven horizontal levels, with the youngest and presently active one at river level, and the oldest (ca. 1.2 Ma) one some 200 m above the Sentino River. Therefore, the Frasassi cave complex records the river incision history of this still-active Apennine mountain belt. In addition to an uplift rate of ~0.55 mm/yr for the...

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